Increased attention to the region is shown not only by major powers such as the US, China and Russia, but also many other countries of the world. Recently, the US has begun to actively develop not only political and economic cooperation with the region, but also the military, especially in the field of missile defense. However, such US policy in the region aroused Russia and China discontent, who believe that US missile defense programs pose a threat to their nuclear deterrence forces. However, such US policy in the region aroused discontent of Russia and China, who believe that US missile defense programs pose a threat to their nuclear deterrence forces.
In the view of the United States, North Korea and China represent a threat to national security. After the successful implementation of the first stage of the “European Phased-Adaptive Approach” anti-missile plan, adopted in September 2009, the United States began to develop a similar anti-missile plan for the Pacific Rim. In 2010, the US publicly confirmed that South Korea, Australia, Japan and other countries that are under the "nuclear umbrella" of the United States will be shielded by the US missile defense systems.
In the Pacific Rim, the US is establishing bilateral relations to develop cooperation in the field of missile defense, encouraging countries to deploy elements of the United States' global anti-missile system on their territories. However, the US cooperation with the countries of the region in the field of missile defense does not proceed evenly: the closest cooperation is between the United States, South Korea, Japan and Australia.
The implementation of the anti-missile plan "Pacific Rim Phased-Adaptive Approach " will provide an opportunity for the United States to take control of the whole region of the Asia-Pacific region, as well as closely encircle the territory of Russia.
However, the main goal of the alliances created in the Pacific Rim on the initiative of the United States is to counter China, which is viewed by the US as an adversary, since it is likely that China will achieve parity with the United States in the economic and military spheres in the future. The possibility of a clash between the United States and China in the struggle for resources is not ruled out, which will lead to an aggravation of Sino-US relations. Because of this, the US is unlikely to allow the PRC to become the region's only superpower.
The situation where the United States develops military cooperation with its allies and partner countries in the APR, without considering the interests of China and Russia, will only exacerbate the power struggle between the three largest countries of the world and lead to negative consequences- an unnecessary arms race and the strengthening of the military forces of all states.
Russia is especially interested in the need to obtain political and legal guarantees that the US missile defense will not undermine Russia's strategic potential. In this regard, experts believe that objective military-technical agreements based on equality and consideration of the interests of all parties are needed.
If Russia and the United States fail to reach a unified consensus on missile defense issues, and the US are not interested in an equal cooperation with Russia in the field of missile defense, the crisis will further aggravate the already tense international situation.