Kuril Islands sovereign territory of Russia - Politics Forum.org | PoFo

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#14984621
More than 70 years have passed since the end of the Second World War, however, Russia and Japan have still not decided to put an end to the peace treaty. The “stumbling block” was the Kuril Islands, which after the end of the war and the crushing defeat of Japan were ceded to the USSR, however, Japan still does not lose hope to return them and repeatedly makes territorial claims to Kuril Islands.
In recent years, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe meet regularly to discuss the development of Russian-Japanese relations, including in the economic sphere. The head of Russia notes the important role of joint plans for cooperation in the digital economy and in increasing productivity, increasing trade between the two countries, developing interaction in the construction, housing, utilities and urban environments.
However, the main problem of Russian-Japanese relations is Japan’s desire to return the four southern islands of the Kuril Ridge (Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and Habomai). Russia has never questioned their sovereignty, which was reinforced by an international legal act. Nevertheless, the very fact of the discussion on this topic is very encouraging to the Japanese, and these hopes of the Japanese prime minister for the return of the southern islands are placed on the Russian president, whom the leader of Japan considers the only politician who can solve this problem. Therefore, Abe is moving closer to Putin despite the sanctions and ostracism.
The claims of the Japanese government on the Russian islands are groundless from a legal point of view, and Russia's firm position on the issue of the Kuriles has proven this for many years.
At the end of January 2019, the meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe ended in Moscow. The leaders of the countries confirmed the readiness for further work on the conclusion of an agreement. However, the question of how they intend to decide the fate of the Kuriles remained unresolved. The leaders of the two countries agreed on the opinion that their task is to ensure the long-term and comprehensive development of Russian-Japanese relations at a qualitative level. But there were no specific theses regarding the main issue - the ownership of the Kuril Islands. This territorial issue is painful for both parties, and negotiations are only in the initial stage. It is obvious that in a question that cannot be resolved for such a long time, it will not be able to do without substantial disagreements.
The South Kuril Islands are part of the border of the Russian Federation and became part of the Soviet Union following the Second World War.
Japan likes to refer to the Shimoda Treaty of 1855 on the delimitation of the Russian-Japanese border between the islands of Urup and Iturup, but the Russian-Japanese war of 1905 disavowed any past agreements, and the results of World War II formed a new configuration of the world order. From here references to the contract 1855 are naive.
One of the central conditions for the participation of the USSR in the war against Japan was an agreement between the United States and Great Britain on the unconditional assignment of the Kuril Islands to the jurisdiction of the USSR, subject to complete and unconditional surrender. In accordance with the decisions of the Yalta Conference of February 1945 and the Potsdam Agreement of August 1945. The final defeat of Japan in September 1945 initiated Directive No. 677 of January 29, 1946, which was formalized and signed by the United States in San Francisco. In other words, the essence of the directive was reduced to the withdrawal from the Japanese jurisdiction of all the Kuril Islands and the exclusion of any claims to South Sakhalin. Also, the document noted that “Japan waives all rights and claims to the Kuril Islands and part of Sakhalin Island, which Japan acquired sovereignty under the Portsmouth Treaty of September 5, 1905.’’
Claims of the USSR and Russia, as the successor of the USSR to the Kuril Islands, are formed in international acts as part of the post-war repartition of spheres of influence. Any revision and alternative interpretation of the results of the Second World War are excluded and, in fact, are criminal intent. Any attempt to transfer sovereignty over the Kuril Islands of Japan is treason with the inevitable lustration / impeachment of the people initiating this process.
However, the leaders of Russia and Japan do not cease to talk about readiness to make further efforts to conclude a peace treaty.
#14984625
Since the middle of the last century, Moscow and Tokyo have been discussing the possibility of concluding a peace treaty on the results of the Second World War. The main obstacle for this is the problem of belonging to the southern part of the Kuril Islands.
After a visit to the Kuril Islands in November 2011, Dmitry Medvedev (former Russian president) gave a number of instructions to develop this unique territory and ensure the security of the Southern Islands and carry out all the programs for their socio-economic development. At that time, many ambitious programs were launched, including the development of island sources of geothermal energy. In addition to the economic infrastructure, Dmitry Medvedev ordered the development of military infrastructure in the Kuriles, because these islands are Russia's eastern frontier, as the President stressed, and it is necessary to deploy the most modern weapons there.
On February 11, 2011, spokesman for the Japanese Foreign Minister Satoru Sato said that Japan intends to protest to Moscow if Russia develops the South Kuriles without Tokyo’s consent. However, since the Kuril Islands on all rights is an integral part of Russia, no one's consent is required.
In 2015, over 850 units of equipment were delivered. Among them are the Alexander Nevsky strategic submarine cruiser of the Borey project, the Iskander-M brigade complex of the operational-tactical missile system, the Triumf and Verba anti-aircraft missile systems salvo jet systems fire "Tornado-G", communications and electronic warfare systems, unmanned aerial vehicles. In December, the newest Su-35S fighters for the first time took up combat duty.
Also, in May 2016, the commander of the Eastern Military District, Colonel-General Sergei Surovikin said that the Ministry of Defense was taking "unprecedented measures" to strengthen the military presence in the Kuriles and Sakhalin. It was reported that the development of military infrastructure in this region and in the Arctic zone until 2020 is a priority state task in the field of defense.
In the fall of 2016, the construction of a new Russian base in the Kuril Islands was completed, which is equipped with the latest types of weapons, not only designed to protect the islands themselves, but also capable of controlling the entire nearby Pacific territory.
At the moment, the 18th machine-gun and artillery division is on Iturup, the 46th machine-gun and artillery regiment is on Kunashir, the number of troops on Iturup is three thousand, and 500 on the Kunashir. In addition to this, the Russian military wants to deploy a new naval base for the Pacific Fleet on the Chukotka Peninsula, opposite American Alaska.
By the end of 2017, Russia's armed forces, aware of the strategic importance of the Kuril Islands, completed the modernization of military facilities in Kunashir and Iturup, and last year set a plan for the creation of modern military bases at two more sites - Matua Island in the central part, and Paramushir Island.
Comprehensive security of the Russian islands and outlets to the Sea of Okhotsk is due to the constant increase in the number of external threats.
#14984626
Any attempt to transfer sovereignty over the Kuril Islands of Japan is treason with the inevitable lustration / impeachment of the people initiating this process.


It's Putin the Tsar of Russia who believes that Russia is obliged to follow through on the promise made in 1956 between the Moscow and Tokyo. I think Putin has the power to shut the opposition down and he will get his way in the end no matter what. There was an illegal demonstration in Moscow the other day by a group of Communists to defend Russia's ownership of a chain of islands captured by Soviet troops from Japan during the final days of World War II. These activists could be sent to Siberia.



By the end of 2017, Russia's armed forces, aware of the strategic importance of the Kuril Islands, completed the modernization of military facilities in Kunashir and Iturup, and last year set a plan for the creation of modern military bases at two more sites - Matua Island in the central part, and Paramushir Island.


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Kunashir and Iturup (Кунашир и Итуруп) will be Russian territory and only two other small islands (7% of the Kuril Islands) will be handed over to Japan after the peace treaty. Probably most Russians don't know anything about the details of the 1956 agreement, which is merely a footnote of Cold War history. They should not worry about the military infrastructure on Kunashir and Iturup.

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