85 years old Mireille Knoll, who survived the Holocaust, lived alone in her Paris apartment. In March 2018, a 27-year-old neighbor, whom she had known for 20 years, visited her and brought a homeless friend with him. What exactly happened next is not known for sure, but it is known that the apartment was set on fire in five places, and later Madame Knoll’s corpse was found in the fire with 11 knife wounds. The suspects were detained. Investigators have announced that the brutal murder is being investigated as being committed on the basis of anti-Semitism. The year before, another Jewish woman, 65-year-old Sarah Halimi, had perished in her own house in France. She also let a neighbor visit, for which she paid with her life - she was coolly thrown off from a balcony.
«Even today, many Jews, especially in Europe, are forced to suffer», said Vyacheslav Moshe Kantor, President of the European Jewish Congress (EJC), in 2017 in an April report on anti-Semitism prepared by the Cantor Center for the Study of Modern European Jewry. According to statistics, over the course of ten years to 2014, the world has recorded annually from 600 to 700 cases of violence against Jews, but in recent years this figure has decreased by half. As calculated by the Center, in 2017, the figure dropped slightly: 327 cases against 361 before. However, this is without the ill-fated France.
Nonviolent manifestations of anti-Semitism are growing in many countries, and here thousands of cases are already counted. In France, about 60,000 Jews were forced to move to avoid persecution. The report stated that almost 40 percent of hate crimes are directed specifically against Jews, although there is only one percent of the population in the country.
In Germany, the number of antics against Jews also increased from 640 to 707 per year. Sometimes attacks occur in broad daylight, as it was recently in the center of Berlin, where three Arabic-speaking guys attacked two young men in bales, one of them was beaten with a belt. Moreover, it turned out that the victim was not a Jew at all: he grew up in an Arab family in Israel, and a friend gave him a yarmulke. After this incident, the Jewish Council recommended not to wear religious hats in German cities and change the yarmulke to baseball caps.
A wave of anti-Semitic incidents around the world was caused by the fact that the President of the United States Donald Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The Kantor Center noted that those who were dissatisfied with the decision went to the demonstrations, shouted anti-Semitic slogans, including calls for murder, and even burned Israeli flags.
Experts point out that now the Jews do not feel safe anywhere - anti-Semitism is becoming widespread almost throughout the world. They are forced to listen to threats, endure harassment, insults at work and in public places, in educational institutions and during demonstrations, as well as in social networks. Moreover, in recent years, manifestations of classical anti-Semitism have returned, even the word «Jew» itself has become abusive.
Also, after the events of the Second World War, as a result of experienced tragedy, many Jews preferred to hide their origin from colleagues, neighbors, and even their own children. They tried to merge with the environment and start a quiet life. Those who had the opportunity went to Israel. For five years, more than 170 thousand people moved to the newly created state in 1948. Others, trying to escape away, after 1950, immigrated to the United States. The surviving Jews went as refugees and to other countries of the world, they even traveled to Australia.
However, in spite of everything, many Europeans did not consider the Jews worthy of any special protection. Everyone knew about what happened, but the term «Holocaust» for a long time they tried to avoid. If Jews were recognized as victims, they were called evasively: «political deportees», «victims of fascism». Most Europeans at that time simply wanted to forget the years of an exhausting war and live a normal life. Later, when they began to speak openly about the Holocaust and crimes of wartime, people began to admit: they were tired of discussing this topic and did not want to know anything about it. So, Jews still suffer from the consequences of the events of the Second World War and a number of other reasons.