- 09 Sep 2015 00:04
I can give you an answer of sorts.
Some centuries ago, there was a meeting in Europe. I'm not going to be arsed to look up exact years and locations because what's the point, but you can.
What emerged from the conference was what was termed the 'Treaty of Westphalia'.
According to your nearest international relations textbook, from here emerged the theory of the nation-state.
'State' in this context essentially means political establishment, or government ('national' government, in contemporary parlance).
Nation basically means collections of people with common cultural and ethnic ('ethnic' in the anthropological sense which means shared backgrounds essentially, not the colloquial sense, which basically means color of one's skin) commonalities.
Referring back to your nearest mainstream IR textbook, this treaty basically emerged as a means to end wars which had been ravaging Europe (again, can't be arsed to look up which precise wars).
Out of this, the convention of the nation-state emerged (again, according to your closest IR textbook).
As time went on, the Europeans eventually attacked and robbed the shit out of most of the settled areas of the planet.
They carved out territories, which they administered with government officials whom they sent in, and called them 'colonies'.
This is a long and extensive history of course, but I'm giving the abbreviated version.
After WW2, many 'colonies' became independent. Most of the remaining ones would become independent over proceeding decades.
The boarderlines drawn by the imperialist powers tend to basically conform with the modern successor 'nations'.
So there you have it, in a nutshell.
As a result of this, you get things like Iraq invading the former British coaling station, modern Kuwait, because Kuwait controls Iraq's access to the Gulf, is managed by aristocrats, and was stealing Iraq's oil.
And then you get shit like the US invading Iraq, bombing it for a decade, and then invading it again, and trying to finish the job, only to create an absolute cluster fuck, such as we have today.