Sperm counts among western men have halved in last 40 years – study - Politics Forum.org | PoFo

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The Guardian wrote:Sperm counts among men have more than halved in the last 40 years, research suggests, although the drivers behind the decline remain unclear.

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The latest findings reveal that between 1973 and 2011, the concentration of sperm in the ejaculate of men in western countries has fallen by an average of 1.4% a year, leading to an overall drop of just over 52%.

“The results are quite shocking,” said Hagai Levine, an epidemiologist and lead author of the study from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

While infertility treatments such as IVF can offer solutions to potential ramifications of the decline on one level, little has been done to address the root of the issue, said Levine, pointing out low sperm counts might also be an indicator of poorer health among men more generally.

“This is a classic under the radar huge public health problem that is really neglected,” he said.

It is not the first time researchers have highlighted concerns about sperm counts, but previous studies have been criticised, with some saying the decline could be down to changing laboratory methods, or studies failing to take into account whether participants were selected on the basis of infertility problems.

But the authors of the latest study say they have addressed such concerns, analysing only studies that used the same sperm count method, were of a reasonable size and involved men not known to have infertility problems or disease, among other measures.

The study, published in the journal Human Reproduction Update by an international team of researchers, drew on 185 studies conducted between 1973 and 2011, involving almost 43,000 men. The team split the data based on whether the men were from western countries – including Australia and New Zealand as well as countries in North America and Europe – or from elsewhere.

After accounting for factors including age and how long men had gone without ejaculation, the team found that sperm concentration fell from 99 million per ml in 1973 to 47.1 million per ml in 2011 – a decline of 52.4% – among western men unaware of their fertility.

For the same group, total sperm count – the number of sperm in a semen sample – fell by just under 60%.

In addition, a less dramatic decline in sperm concentration since the 1970s was seen for western men who were known to have conceived with a partner, but there was no clear trend for total sperm count in this group.

By contrast, no such trends were seen for men in other countries – although the authors caution that far fewer studies have been carried out among such populations.

Richard Sharpe, an expert in male reproductive health and professor at the University of Edinburgh, welcomed the study, saying the research has tackled many of the problems of previous analyses, adding that it “is about as close as we are going to get” to being sure of the decline.

But he stressed it still unclear what is behind the drop, meaning that it is difficult to address. “That is primarily because we have seriously under-invested in male reproductive research,” he said.

Tina Kold Jensen of Syddansk University in Denmark, who was not involved in the current research, said she was surprised by the new findings. “I thought it would probably have stopped,” she said of the decline, pointing out that she had been involved in a 15-year Danish study focusing on young men recruited for military service which found no drop in sperm counts. But, she noted, that might be because many of the men had poor sperm counts anyway.

Levine agreed that research into potential causes was needed. Numerous possibilities have been mooted, with research suggesting links to body weight, a lack of physical activity, smoking, and exposure of pregnant women to chemicals found in myriad household products, known as endocrine disruptors.

But controversy remains. While Allan Pacey, professor of andrology at the University of Sheffield, said the latest study is the best he’d ever read on the decline, he said the jury is still out on whether the trend is real.

“You need to go out to answer that question. For example you take a random sample of every 18-year-old in the UK and you test 10,000 18-year-olds every year prospectively over the course of 20-25 years,” he said, emphasising that Jensen’s study using such an approach had found no decline.

“We have got very little epidemiological evidence to say what might be causing it, so we are still scratching our heads a little bit in my view,” said Pacey.

But he agreed there is cause for concern around male reproductive function, pointing out that rates of testicular cancer are on the rise, and stressed that men who are concerned about their sperm count and who wish to have children should not delay.

“If you are a guy with a low sperm count and you try for a baby when you are 21, you are probably not going to notice you’ve got a problem,” Pacey said. “But if you are trying with your partner when she is 35 then that’s when the heartache comes, because by then you have got low sperm count, you’ve got an older partner and you haven’t got a lot of time to try and fix it medically.”

The Guardian
#14827150
The reason is internet porn and increased masturbation. Increased masturbation decreases sperm count dramatically.

This is consistent with the Danish test on the military. They are in an environment where masturbation is problematic to say the least. So if the test of the Danish military was conducted after induction it is highly suggestive.

A good test would involve controls to rule out this simple explanation.







*Not a joke. No research. Just good old logic.
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The OP emphasis added wrote:After accounting for factors including age and how long men had gone without ejaculation, the team found that sperm concentration fell from 99 million per ml in 1973 to 47.1 million per ml in 2011 – a decline of 52.4% – among western men unaware of their fertility.

Thanks for playing DrLee.
#14827156
I read that. I disagree with their results. Unless they very carefully asked the question the would get an inaccurate answer. Men are very reluctant to admit to wanking. Further. The data on long term daily sexual activity are not easy to find. So I rejected their control.
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It could be anything. And as the author said, it could be nothing.

The world has changed a lot in living memory. It may be something to do with plastics, or pesticides, or preservatives, or masturbation.

In the latter case, I grew up trying to get a hold of magazines. In the early days of the internet, pictures were too slow so I'd read stories. Only relatively late in my life did pictures and videos get used regularly. And with that, finding anything is possible.

It may be that people that grew up with such an extensive porn menu are geared up to the point that they won't have a really good pop with just sex alone.

Or, as the study itself says, it may be that there is something that they're not accounting for and that there is no problem at all.

It's interesting, and they should certainly do more studies.
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The latest findings reveal that between 1973 and 2011, the concentration of sperm in the ejaculate of men in western countries has fallen by an average of 1.4% a year, leading to an overall drop of just over 52%.


:eek: So white genocide is under way!
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Clearly the solution is to have twice as much sex.


It goes without saying.

Or we can take the zoo approach. We can keep breeding pairs apart until the female is at the peak of fertility.

That would definitely score one for your side Mike.
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With all the rapid expansion and changes our civilisation has been undergoing - industrialisation, population explosion, social healthcare, industrialised food-production, and all the changes in our social relations - it seems inevitable that unforeseen harmful consequences will also occur. This is just one of the many others.

It would be interesting if they examined the differences between the various countries in the West and various demographic groups within countries. That could perhaps provide further clues about the possible causes.
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Drlee wrote:The reason is internet porn and increased masturbation. Increased masturbation decreases sperm count dramatically.


I agree with this entirely. Without doing the relevant research needed to come to such a notion, I too have concluded with logical probability that it can't be a coincidence that male infertility along with premature erectile disfunction coincides with the dawn of the Internet and easy access to porn. Today we have men as young as twenty coming into a doctor's surgery asking for viagra because they can't perform sexually anymore and a body can't produce the sperm needed to keep up with multiple masturbations a day frequently either. Cut the porn and watch this trend reverse. But porn is a silent addiction that very few would openly admit that they suffer from. So this could be very difficult to reverse. But on the positive side, the planet as a whole could do with less humans destroying ecosystems so not all bad I suppose.
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Beren wrote:Sure @Cookie Monster, there are so many things detrimental to postmodern Western societies.

Being postmodern may be one of them.
Not just postmodernism. Every invention, innovation and change produces consequences: intended and unintended, foreseen and unforeseen. There is no way to perfectly cheat our way out of things, our inventions eventually reinvent us.

But this is not to sound like a luddite, far from it. As there is no origin to return to or an equilibrium to rest at. :)
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Germany's problems are not mike's fault, Frollein.

Germany beat Japan.

Why aren't you having ten babies right now, Frollein? You pretend to care about the white race but look at you, sitting there, not getting pregnant or anything. You have some explaining to do.
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skinster wrote:Germany's problems are not mike's fault, Frollein.

Germany beat Japan.

In Germany, an average of 8.2 children were born per 1,000 inhabitants over the past five years, according to the study by German auditing firm BDO with the Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).

It said Japan saw 8.4 children born per 1,000 inhabitants over the same time period.

Germany had a large influx of male immigrants over the past 5 years, which would skew the per 1000 number.

Meanwhile, the highest birth rates were in Africa, with Niger at the top of the list with 50 births per 1,000 people.

Is Niger a country with a large exodus of young men? Or is it just full of fecund Nigers?

Anyway I'll add to the speculation by blaming mobile phones and wi-fi for microwaving our balls.

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