In Missouri General Sterling Price, representing the state and the pro-secessionists, and General Harney for the United States sign a proclamation in which they agree that Price is to direct the power of the state officers to maintain order, and that Harney will not bring in the Federal Army if order is maintained. This is interpreted by Blair and Lyon as being a virtual surrender of the state.
In Washington President Lincoln sends a dispatch, signed and in part composed by Secretary of State Seward, to British minister Charles Francis Adams, instructing him to desist from contact with the British government as long as it continues intercourse with “the domestic enemies of this country.”
On the last day of the second session of the Provisional Congress of the Confederacy President Davis announces that he has signed a bill to make the Provisional Constitution permanent. Meeting for the last time in Montgomery, Congress still debates moving the headquarters of the Confederacy. Some members favor other places or advocate Montgomery over Richmond. But the majority believes that military and psychological advantages give the edge to the Virginia city. President Davis also signs one bill outlawing the payment by Southerners of money due Northern merchants, and approves another prohibiting cotton trade except through Confederate ports.
The oldest active Federal warship, USS Constellation, veteran of the War of 1812, captures a slave ship off the mouth of the Congo.