I will say that I find the uncritical assumption that we should all be advancing AI and automation at an unprecedented pace seems questionable to me. To what end has always been a question I have never seen adequately answered. People like Ray Kurzweil and other so-called "post-human futurists" including Elon Musk who has an entire sub-division developing mind-machine interfaces
, never seem to explain why their acceleration agenda is desirable
. I'm never going to buy a "virtual reality" device and I'm never going to "merge my mind with a computer" so I cannot understand the desirability of these things.
Professor Ferguson has also recently been very critical of the utopianism of the tech industry, which, he argues, was never likely to succeed since the end result was inevitably to give an unprecedented amount of power to those who control the networks that underly the industry.
Moloch has been presented in film and literature for some time now. Since the OP essay starts with a quote from Howl, I think it's reasonable to post the James Franco interpretation here (actaully a really good movie in its own right).
There's also the famous scene from Metropolis of the workers being fed into the maw of Moloch to power the industrial society. The notion of humanity being sacrificed to the machine god has long historical roots, starting in during the early 19th century industrial revolution, probably peeking in the First World War, and today is even reflected in the mythos of the Warhammer 40,000 universe amongst other pop culture references.
The basic question is of course why are we so keen to turn over our agency to the machines, whose logic is clearly derived from Mammonism (greed).
Probably the greatest speech against Moloch is made by Charlie Chaplin the Great Dictator where he rails against the "Machine Men"