Pants-of-dog wrote:Are there a fixed number of human souls? And a fixed number of ant souls?
No but there is a fixed quantity of soul stuff which at any time can either be in one thing or another. What is going on is a reflexive imprinting between soul and flesh. The experience of being a cat imprints cattiness on the soul even as the soul moves the flesh to its will. The soul moves the flesh but also is shaped by it. So a soul that inhabits an ant body for many generations gets imprinted with an ant experience which carries over to some extent even when it reincarnates into a different form. You can think of it as spiritual inertia. Or another way to look at it is that the soul is like the pilot and the body is like the vehicle. The pilot is the chooser and director of the vehicle but the vehicle has its own nature, facilities, limitations and feedbacks which in turn shape the pilot. Let's say you are a cyclist for many, many years so the experience of the particularities of that vehicle will shape you a certain way, the vehicle is light and small so you never worry about parking but you do worry about collisions. Then you switch to a car in which the experience is very different, probably you worry more about finding a place to park than collisions, and it takes a while before its particularities shape the pilot into a different way. So if your soul is in an ant for many generations it becomes an ant soul but then if it subsequently get boosted into a human form it will take a while maybe many generations before that new experience will shape that soul into a human soul and in the meantime that soul will retain by inertia an ant like character.
Pants-of-dog wrote:Do other animals have souls? Can they also switch species?
Yes and yes.
Pants-of-dog wrote:Can dinosaur souls be alive in our bodies right now?
Yes but they died out so long ago that the imprinting will have been completely eroded by more recent experiences. These ant people I am speaking of will eventually lose their ant like character over many reincarnations too.
Pants-of-dog wrote:Also, if a totalitarian told you that their gender was an ant, would you accept their trans-speciesism?
Well they wouldn't be a biological ant, just a spiritual one.