Transition to low carbon energy - Page 3 - Politics | PoFo

Wandering the information superhighway, he came upon the last refuge of civilization, PoFo, the only forum on the internet ...

Pollution, global warming, urbanisation etc.
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New tech that could be a game changer.

Rechargeable CO2 battery that stores seven times more than a standard lithium battery.

Same tech has been used by MIT to capture carbon dioxide and release it at will, ideal for commercial greenhouses and fizzy drinks industry. As well as capturing CO2 from power plants and vehicles.
India sees slump in coal use in first seven months of this year

'Coal generation fell by 12,500 gigawatt hours (GWh) in the first seven months of the fiscal year, compared with the same period last year, IEEFA said.
In the meantime, generation from all non-coal sources, which include solar, hydro, wind and natural gas, rose by 24,000 GWh, or 8.4%, over the same period.'
30 Coal-Run Power Plants: A ‘carbon bomb’ lying in wait

Says a report by US and Australia-based environment groups on the Bangladesh plants that may go into operation by 2031

Bangladesh is likely to be hit by its own “carbon bomb” once its 30 coal-based power plants go operational altogether by 2031, says a new report.

Besides, the projects will put the country in a “trade deficit” because those will cost Bangladesh an estimated $2 billion or over Tk 170 billion annually to import coal, it says.

The report, titled “Choked by Coal: The Carbon Catastrophe in Bangladesh”, was jointly released by Australia-based Market Force that deals with environmentally sustainable economic issues and US-based that works to end the use of fossil fuels.

As co-publishers, Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon (BAPA), Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB) and Waterkeepers Bangladesh (WKB) shared the report with the media at a press conference at Dhaka Reporters Unity yesterday.

Coal plant developers should suspend plans to build coal power projects and utilise the capital to drive rapid deployment of renewable energy, the report recommends.

Speaking to The Daily Star over phone, Waterkeeper Alliance Council Member Sharif Jamil, who attended the press conference, said coal-based power plants are becoming obsolete all over the world and “such projects should not be continued in Bangladesh as well”.

At present, the only operational coal-fired plant in the country is the 525 MW Barapukuria plant in Dinajpur.

Tests found that the coal ash pond of the plant had significantly contaminated water in wells and irrigation water with toxic heavy metals.

The lead levels were 35-395 times higher than the WHO drinking water standards, while chromium was 8,025-18,675 times higher, according to the new report.

The coal ash pond also overflows onto cropland, contaminating food production areas, it says.

On the other hand, if the proposed 29 projects, most of which are located in three “power hubs” on the south coast at Payra, Matarbari and Maheshkhali, are built, the country’s coal power capacity would increase by 63 times, the report mentions.

Once operational, the projects, which are either under construction or at a pre-construction stage at present with the capacity to generate 33,200 megawatts electricity together, will emit 115 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) annually by 2031, it said.

Such a level of CO2 emission would be higher than the upper emissions of 110 MtCO2 per year estimate for the “controversial” Keystone XL oil pipeline between Canada and the US, it added.

The 525 MW Barapukuria is much smaller than the 1,320 MW Payra, 1,200 MW Matarbari and 1,320 MW Rampal coal plants, which are currently under construction.

The Rampal plant continues to face mass protests, demanding a halt to its development as it threatens the World Heritage listed Sundarbans mangrove forest.

Also, 4,600 MtCO2 would be emitted through the operating lifetime of Bangladesh’s proposed coal plants. This is 20 percent greater than the lifetime emissions from all of the currently operating coal plants in Japan, it added.

Furthermore, all of Bangladesh’s coal-based projects are “inconsistent” with the Paris Agreement’s climate goals of “limiting global warming to well below 2 degree Celsius and to pursue efforts to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius,” the report says.

On the other hand, the September 2019 Prices estimated the cost of importing 61 metric tonnes per annum of thermal coal as Bangladesh plans to do by 2041. The estimated cost would be $2 billion annually, it adds.

During the fiscal 2018-19, the country experienced trade deficits of $18 billion and $16 billion respectively, it says, referring to media reports.

The pipeline plants would lock Bangladesh into a huge volume of coal imports for decades. Unless exports increase significantly, coal worth billions purchased from abroad would add to the trade deficits.

Bangladesh has jumped to sixth place from 12th in the last three years in the global ranking of coal power capacity in “active development”, which includes coal plants in pre-construction and construction stages, it further says.

The report recommended that a clean, sustainable energy future is possible for Bangladesh, adding that of the 29 proposed projects, only 10 percent have progressed to construction.

Renewable energy can replace planned coal power projects as a lower cost alternative for electricity generation, it said, adding countries like China, Japan, India and the UK are investing heavily in Bangladesh’s coal power expansion.

Addressing the press conference, TIB Executive Director Dr Iftekharuzzaman said development projects that put people’s lives in danger and cause harm to the environment cannot be accepted.

He said Bangladesh’s requirement to generate more electricity is imperative and also lauded the government’s progress made in power generation over the past decade.

However, this cannot be achieved in a “suicidal” way, he said, adding, “[The government] has developed a kind of addiction to coal-based power projects.”

Bangladesh is unique and so are its largest mangrove forest, the Sundarbans, and world’s longest sea beach in Cox’s Bazar. Those should be protected, Iftekharuzzaman said.

Yet the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank keep on funding multi billion dollar projects in Bangladesh. Those institutions are in an excellent position to influence energy policies but they keep quiet abut it.
Ter wrote:Yet the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank keep on funding multi billion dollar projects in Bangladesh. Those institutions are in an excellent position to influence energy policies but they keep quiet abut it.

In don't think either of those organisations still invest in coal, but they need to stop supporting oil, gas and mining.

A new report has just been released on the global state of coal 2019
2/3rds of proposed projects never got built.
Amount of new coal power in the pipeline fell by 132GW.
China's coal stations are now running at 50% capacity and falling with each new plant they build.
The largest funder of coal that is proposed outside of China is Chinese companies.
Much of the worlds coal capacity outside of the Far East is aging, due for retirement and with no new coal replacement scheduled.
The key to total phase out will be the younger plants that are running at reduced capacity and a continued reduction to plants being built.
South Korea has just decided that instead of retrofitting 20 old coal power stations, it will instead opt for solar panels on the roof of every public building and 1 million homes by 2022

India's most recent solar tender massively over subscribed.

Batteries and solar saved the day in Queensland when a coal power plant failed. South Australias virtual power plant is made up of private and housing trust homes that have solar panels and Tesla power walls installed, when the coal station failed these houses fed energy into the grid to maintain power until the problem was resolved. As this system grows it will increasingly be able to extend the period solar power can cover and reduce the need for coal.

US is building the first ever wind powered steel plant. Steel has always been the preserve of coal power but now electric steel plants are under development in Sweden, Germany and USA.
Global Coal generation down by 3% in first 10 months of the year.
2019 is only the third year ever when global coal generation has fallen.

China, coal generation flatlined with each newly added coal power station reducing the use of existing stations which now stand idle more than half the time so that utilisation rates have fallen to 48%

US, coal generation in August down 18.2% year on year. With 14GW retired this year. 60% of this drop has been replaced by gas, 40% by renewables.

India, coal generation down 19% year on year and is now the same as 2014. Coal power stations now sitting idle 40% of the time.

Europe, 23% fall year on year. Ireland in particular has reduced is coal use by 79%.
Germany down 22%.
The truth about China has finally emerged.

They are shutting 25-33% of their coal powered stations over the next 2 years. ... SL4N28C1Y9

All plants not reaching the new, higher efficiency standards will close, some are being replaced by new more efficient coal stations, some by renewables and nuclear. The majority will not be replaced as the Chinese energy market has a massive over capacity problem.
The switch to renewables and storage continues ... y-projects

As coal bites the dust ... 600559001/

Australia's energy regulator has reported that coal is uneconomic and can no longer compete. Expects coal plants to close early and be replaced by solar and storage.

US steel industry is beginning it's switch away from Coke ... oming.html

And now we have the first proposed hydrogen power plant. ... ower-plant
Emissions from fracking have been underestimated partly because industry has covered up the real extend of methane leaks, which are huge. A single leak in Ohio emitted more methane than industrial countries like France emit during a whole year. The Trump administration knows that and intends to deregulate the industry to avoid monitoring of methane leaks. Only satellite data can measure the real methane emissions from fracking.

Greenhouse Gases from Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Production

Multiple studies have shown that In 2018, the U.S. registered the largest annual increase in oiland gas production ever recorded by a single country. Methane leaks from many small and large projects are undetected or unmeasured, and therefore unreported.

Climate Watchdog Warns US Fracking Boom Leading to 30% Rise in Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2025

"This analysis shows that we're heading in the wrong direction and really need to slow emissions growth from the oil, gas, and petrochemical industries."

Planet-heating pollution from the U.S. oil, gas, and petrochemical industries could rise about 30% by 2025 compared with 2018 because of additional drilling and 157 new or expanded projects "fueled by the fracking boom," an environmental watchdog group warned Wednesday.

That estimated emissions increase is equal to "as much greenhouse gas pollution as 50 new coal-fired power plants," the U.S.-based Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) explained in a statement announcing the new analysis.

The EIP report—titledGreenhouse Gases from Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Production (pdf)—details recent and potential future emissions from U.S. petroleum and natural gas systems, chemical manufacturing, and oil refineries based on data reported to the Environmental Protection Agency, fossil fuel production projections from the Department of Energy, and permits that companies are seeking or have acquired.

"Facilities in these sectors reported emitting 764 million tons of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide equivalent tons) in 2018, an eight percent increase since 2016," the report says. "Expected growth in oil and gas production and large new and expanded oil, gas, and chemical plants have the potential to add up to 227 million additional tons of greenhouse gases by 2025."

"That could bring total emissions to nearly one billion tons, equivalent to the greenhouse gas output from more than 218 large coal-fired power plants operating around the clock at full capacity," the report continues, noting that the estimates "likely understate emissions growth from the oil, gas, and petrochemical sectors."


Aided by both the Obama and Trump administrations, the expansion of the oil, gas, and petrochemical industries in the United States continues despite repeated and increasingly urgent warnings from experts that the U.S. fracking boom is threathening ecosystems and making people sick.

Scientists have called for all countries—but particularly the world's wealthiest—to rapidly phase out fossil fuels in favor of 100% renewable energy to prevent the worst impacts of the global climate emergency.

"The U.S. is already struggling to meet climate commitments and transition to a low-carbon future," Courtney Bernhardt, research director at the EIP, said in the group's statement. "This analysis shows that we're heading in the wrong direction and really need to slow emissions growth from the oil, gas, and petrochemical industries."

The report concludes that "the industries responsible for driving fossil fuel extraction and production need to be held more fully accountable for their actions and the consequences of those actions." Its key recommendations are to strengthen permits, improve monitoring and reporting, and increase funding to state environmental agencies.

"Oil and gas production and petrochemical manufacturing are responsible for most of the growth in greenhouse gas emissions today," EIP executive director Eric Schaeffer said Wednesday. "Unfortunately, the permits being issued by states and EPA for the largest projects do not include cost-effective methods for controlling greenhouse gas pollution, even though this is required by the federal Clean Air Act. Unless you think global warming is a hoax, that needs to change."

New Orleans-based Mark Schleifstein reported for The Times-Picayune Wednesday that EIP found the contentious $9.4 billion Formosa complex proposed for St. James Parish would have the highest potential yearly greenhouse gas emissions (13.6 million tons) among all the future and petrochemical and plastics projects included in the analysis.


As Common Dreams reported last month, Louisiana residents and environmental justice groups are fighting against construction of the plant in the region nationally known as "Cancer Alley" because of the area's significant industrial development and the related health impacts on local communities.

Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality spokesperson Greg Langley told The Guardian Tuesday that the state has issued 16 key air quality permits for the project that that essentially clears the way for Formosa to begin construction on the new facility.

In a statement responding to the development Tuesday, Sharon Lavigne, president of the campaign group Rise St. James, vowed to maintain local resistance to the project. "We are fighting to protect our homes and our families from this monster, Formosa," she said. "We are not going to stop because of this bad decision by the state to grant air permits."

The US expands fracking for geopolitical reasons and not for environmental reasons.
And now with the triple whammy of Covid-19, the ongoing reduction in demand, and the ongoing price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia, the companies are starting to fall: ... es-On.html

    U.S. shale producer Whiting Petroleum Corporation, once one of the top producers in the Bakken, said on Wednesday that it had filed for bankruptcy protection, becoming the first major victim of the oil price war and the coronavirus pandemic that sent oil prices to $20.

    Whiting Petroleum Corporation, whose largest projects are in the Bakken and Three Forks plays in North Dakota and the Niobrara play in northeast Colorado, said in a statement that it had started voluntary Chapter 11 cases under the United States Bankruptcy Code in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas.

    “Given the severe downturn in oil and gas prices driven by uncertainty around the duration of the Saudi / Russia oil price war and the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company’s Board of Directors came to the conclusion that the principal terms of the financial restructuring negotiated with our creditors provides the best path forward for the Company,” said Bradley J. Holly, the company’s chairman, president and CEO.


Here in Alberta, the price for a barrel of oilsands crude is actually negative. The producers extracted too much and now have to pay people to store it.
Yea, a few months/weeks ago. Solar and wind has hit grid parity in different parts of the world. This is wonderful news. I will be redoing the roof on my house in the next 2-4 years. After that, I'm jumping on the solar train, for sure.
Global progress in the electricity sector last year according to BP report ... icity.html

Overall electricity use increased by 1.3% or 360TWh.

Coal generation fell by 270TWh, Gas rose by 220TWh meaning fossil fuel generation fell. Renewables rose 340TWh with the difference mostly nuclear and hydroelectric.

Globally renewables exceeded nuclear for the first time rising to 10% share.

Long way to go but the direction of travel is promising.

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