Governor H.M. Rector of Arkansas turns down the Federal requisition for troops, stating their purpose is “to subjugate the Southern States.”
State troops of North Carolina seize the US Arsenal at Fayetteville.
Florida ratifies the Confederate Constitution, but has been part of the new nation since January.
President Davis tells Governor Letcher of Virginia that more troops are on the way and urges him to “sustain Baltimore if practicable.” President Lincoln is still sorely concerned over the Baltimore situation and tells a peace-seeking committee from Baltimore YMCA, “You express great horror of bloodshed, and yet would not lay a straw in the way of those who are organizing in Virginia and elsewhere to capture this city.” He says he has no desire to invade the South but he must defend the capital, and adds, “Keep your rowdies in Baltimore, and there will be no bloodshed.” Troops now have to march across Maryland.
The commandant of the Washington Navy Yard, Captain Franklin Buchanan, resigns to go South and is succeeded by Commander John A. Dahlgren.
The steamer Boston brings the Seventh New York to Annapolis.
Governor Hicks of Maryland urges the President to withdraw troops from Maryland and advocates cessation of hostilities with arbitrament by Lord Lyons, the British minister. Secretary of State Seward turns down these suggestions.
Late at night Illinois troops arrive to garrison Cairo, Illinois, which points like a sword at the heart of the South from its position at the junction of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers.
In Richmond Robert E. Lee is nominated by the governor and confirmed by the State Convention as commander of the forces of Virginia.
To educate a man in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society.