The organization appeared in 1999 in Iraq as a terror group «Jama`at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad». In 2006, when «Jama`at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad» joined to «Al-Qaeda» and other radical formations, the group named itself as «Islamic State» or «Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant». In 2014 the «IS», proclaiming there the world caliphate, captured significant territories of Syria and Iraq.
After the proclaiming of the so-called «caliphate» and uniting their supporters, the ISIS became the greatest terrorist organization. They had in service not only all of the types of a shooting weapons, but anti-aircraft weapons including portable missile systems of various modifications, artillery, as well as armored vehicles, represented by tanks and combat vehicles. ISIS budget was replenishing with funds from hostage taking, illegal drug and oil selling, as well as from private investors, primarily from the Persian Gulf countries.
ISIS actively replenishes its ranks by recruiting. Thus, according to Public Chamber of the Russian Federation data, over the past three years, the hotline for counteracting the recruitment of citizens in the ranks of radical organizations got about 250 calls. Moscow got the largest call number (48% of all the calls). Then follow Moscow region, Saint Petersburg, Saratov and Irkutsk cities` region. The age of the recruited people is from 16 to 30, because persons of this age are not bound by social obligations and have a reduced instinct of self-preservation usually. Cases of recruitment of wives have also increased. Usually, these are young girls who have a lot of free time and who want romance. The consequences of such recruitment can be observed now when children born in captivity in Iraqi prisons are returning to Russia. No one knows the exact number of Russian women and their children contained in such conditions. Experts say about 500 people, but this is only a small part of the recruited.
Of course, the Internet is the most convenient place for recruitment. People can get all the necessary personal data and select the necessary contingent exactly right here, since the users themselves publish a sufficient amount of information about themselves. The most demanded from the point of view of efficiency among IS ideologists is video content. Video comics are especially dangerous. They clearly explain the injustice of the world and the «righteousness» of terrorist ideology. Accordingly, this content is designed primarily for the receptive psyche of teenagers from 14 to 16 years.
Thus, in view of the frequent cases of recruitment and propaganda of separatist ideology, the main emphasis in opposing terrorist organizations should be placed on the recruitment of recruits and their transfer to the combat zone. It is necessary to pay more attention to youth, to educate them, to occupy, to engage in various public organizations. Recruited young people often have no idea what is going on around the religious dogmas used by recruiters. Thus, the activity of organizations such as ISIS will decrease significantly.