What was the ideology of Austria-Hungary, a multi-national, multi-confessional empire? What did the government of A-H do to unite its many peoples under a single banner?
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Article 19 of the 1867 "Basic State Act" (Staatsgrundgesetz), valid only for the Cisleithanian (Austrian) part of Austria-Hungary wrote:All races of the empire have equal rights, and every race has an inviolable right to the preservation and use of its own nationality and language. The equality of all customary languages ("landesübliche Sprache") in school, office and public life, is recognized by the state. In those territories in which several races dwell, the public and educational institutions are to be so arranged that, without applying compulsion to learn a second country language ("Landessprache"), each of the races receives the necessary means of education in its own language.
Perhaps there was no uniting ideology- hence why they were crushed.
often accentuated by religious fervor, Orthodoxy for Russia and Islam for the Ottomans, for example.
What was the ideology of Austria-Hungary, a multi-national, multi-confessional empire?
What did the government of A-H do to unite its many peoples under a single banner?
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