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The entire population of Europe was only about 50 million when the inquisition started up. Estimated total inquisition death toll = 40000.
In the British territories, a white race continued foward, and the Indians were wiped out. In Spanish territories, over 70% of the population is mestizo.
more deadly and restrictive.
So if the Spanish Inquisition killed 40 million out of a total of 50 million Europeans,
The word "rasa" in Castilian or in Portuguese, meant a population of plants, animals or peoples who through inheritance possessed common characteristics. The Spanish did not regard the Tainos as a "race," not at least in the invidious pseudoscientific way that it was to be understood in the nineteenth century. They were simply "people," or members of a "nation," who could be conquered and enslaved.
The scarcity of European women among the Conquistadores meant Spanish and Portuguese settlers and soldiers had extensive relations with indigenous women. Unlike English settlers of North America, who arrived as members of families, Iberian peninsula conquerors were for the most part single men. Large numbers of these men married native Americans which resulted in the emergence of a class whose parents were of mixed Iberian and Indian ancestry.
Dominican clergy in the Caribbean region were concerned about the mistreatment of Tainos. In 1511, Antonio de Montesinos, a Dominican priest, denounced to his Spanish parishioners their treatment of Indians:
The Spanish monarchy was caught between religious demands to ameliorate the conditions of Indians, and settler demands that they be allowed to conduct their plantations as they saw fit. Religious leaders such as Father Montesinosâ€”as early as the first decades of the sixteenth centuryâ€”exerted sufficient pressure upon the monarchy to force implementation of new laws regarding the Indians. The Laws of Burgos endeavored to restrict punishment of Indians and guarantee them access to the clergy.
A few years before his death in 1566, las Casas addressed a memorandum to the King which reiterated the basic ideas of many clergy seeking to help Native Americans:
-All wars called conquests are unjust.
-The system of encomiendas is tyrannical.
-The King can not justify wars in the Americas against peaceful peoples.
-All gold and silver taken from the New World is stolen.
-Indians have a right to fight against invasion of their land by Spanish conquerors.
In 1680, the monarchy issued the "Leyes de Indias," which supported the idea of peaceful conversion of native Americans.
The expulsion of the Jews in 1492 has often been quoted as an example of the Spaniards' religious intolerance. However, many other expulsions took place in Europe during the Middle Ages. Though the expulsion from Spain of at least 200,000 Jews was by far the largest and most significant, this can be explained by the fact that Spain had the largest Jewish community.
Crown of Aragon 1492
If they had been bastards, as you state, the liklihood is the mestizos would have grown up more tied to their native ways
In 1511, Spain began to take actions to protect their slaves for mistreatment, nearly two centuries ahead of the North American colonists. Dominican protests eventually led to several laws protecting Native Americans from slave labour.
The expulsion of the Jews in 1492 has often been quoted as an example of the Spaniards' religious intolerance. However, many other expulsions took place in Europe during the Middle Ages.
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