Deutschmania wrote:I suppose that the most objectively accurate account is that the united Roman Empire , under the Caesars , had ceased to exist by the fifth century, but that various successive empires claiming to be the heirs to Rome continued on unto the early 20th century. Whether or not said regimes were the legitimate continuation of Roman Civilization , is a matter of personal political opinion.
Historians don't tend to consider them a continuation of Roman civilization just new civilizations inspired by it.
Or for that matter, could either half of the Roman Empire be considered to be in continuity with that of Julius Caesar , since the establishment of Christianity as the official civil religion?
As long as the political system was basically intact I'd say yes.