A fourth state departs from the United States. By vote of 61 to 39 the Alabama State Convention at Montgomery adopts an ordinance of secession, joining South Carolina, Mississippi, and Florida. The vote against secession was considerably larger than in previous votes of other states, but many of those who felt bound in principle to oppose secession state that now that the issue has been decided they will support their state. There had been considerable debate in the convention, especially over a proposed referendum. Northern Alabama, particularly, has strong pockets of anti-secession sentiment. But again, as elsewhere, this night in Montgomery the streets are crowded, rockets blaze, firecrackers pop, and people shout. The Southern Cross and the Lone Star are the emblems of the time, displayed in illuminated transparencies.
South Carolina again demands the surrender of Fort Sumter and is summarily refused by Major Anderson.
Louisiana troops take possession of the US Marine Hospital below New Orleans.
In the North the legislature of New York adopts strong pro-Union resolutions.
Staunch Unionist John A. Dix of New York is appointed Secretary of the Treasury to succeed Philip F. Thomas.
To Republican Congressman James T. Hale of Pennsylvania, President-elect Lincoln writes that he has won the election and “Now we are told in advance, the government shall be broken up, unless we surrender to those we have beaten, before we take the office.” He adds, “If we surrender, it is the end of us, and of the government.”
Mass meetings continue North and South.
Former Secretary of War Floyd in Richmond urges opposition to coercion, while a Federal judge in Mobile announces from the windows of his courtroom that the US Court for the South District of Alabama is “adjourned forever.”
To educate a man in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society.