I think the list overall is pretty good actually.
I could quibble about a few of the dates (I'd probably pick 1516 instead of 1492 for Spain's start and 1643 instead of 1648 as the end, but I doubt that this precision is reasonable anyway).
I also might make a mention for the early Qing dynasty somewhere around 1700. I think in Western history we assume that since Spain/France/England were running all over they were ascendant but China still had a third of the world's population and was still the richest country.
Adler wrote:So I wonder the missing Egyptian Empire. If you mention the Macedonian Empire, you should even think about the German domination. Also the Frankish Kingdom would fit in this list.
Potemkin wrote:Where are the Normans in this list? Or the Assyrians, come to that?
The list doesn't go back far enough to include the Assyrians or Egyptians (and I don't have enough knowledge/interest in pre-classical history to comment on that)
I don't think the Normans ever came close to being the most powerful empire on earth in their time, considering that their contemporary in the East was a unified and vastly wealthier and more developed China commanding around a third of the entire human race at the time. You could make the point that at some point during the Hundred Years' War the Angevins were the most powerful state in Europe but...still...
Moments of German domination were fleeting (although if we include revolutionary France, sure), I could tack on maybe a few years for Germany in World War II but not much more than that.
fuser wrote:Mauryan Empire : 322 BC to 232 BC
Mughal Empire : 1556 AD to 1710 AD
Empire of Japan : 1910 AD to 1943 AD
Sasanian Empire : 309 AD to 628 AD
Russian Empire : 1866 AD to 1913 AD
Ottoman Empire : 1566 AD to 1683 AD
- I don't know enough about the Mauryan Empire to comment.
- I think the Mughals would have been dwarfed by Spain's empire or the Qing Empire at most points
- Japan as the preeminent power in the interwar period is really bizarre to me
- The Byzantines were usually much more powerful than the Sassanids (with certain disastrous exceptions...)
- I do not think Russia was ever the world's most powerful country, most certainly not in that period compared to Britain.
- If the Ottomans had their moment as the world's most powerful Empire, it would have been between the acquisition of Egypt in 1516 and the disaster at Lepanto in 1571 - after that I don't see an argument for them being the world's most powerful state.