Russian NPPs have a number of indisputable advantages. They are cheaper in producing and the cost of electricity for these stations is much lower than that of Western competitors. Moreover, contrary to the western position, nuclear power plants are the safest way to extract energy. Among the advantages of a peaceful atom is energy intensity (1 kilogram of uranium used in nuclear fuel gives off energy equivalent to burning about 100 tons of high-quality coal or 60 tons of oil), possibility of reuse (uranium, unlike ash or slag, burns out in nuclear not completely consumed and can be used again after regeneration). Furthermore, nuclear power plants bring considerable environmental benefits. Thus, the operating NPPs of Russia annually prevent about 210 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. The construction of nuclear power plants also provides significant economic growth, since the emergence of new jobs in this area creates new jobs in related industries.
After the events at Fukushima NPP, the Russian side is especially careful in its approach to safety standards in the construction of the new NPPs. Now Moscow is focused on the VVER-TOI project which is Optimized and Informatised project of a two-unit NPP with a VVER-1300 reactor (a water-cooled power reactor), performed in a modern information environment and in accordance with the requirements of nuclear and radiation safety. Work on this project began in 2009. In 2016, full-scale construction work began on the VVER-TOI project at Kursk NPP-2.
A distinctive feature of the development is its versatility: it is designed for the construction of stations with a wide range of climatic conditions. Moreover, the entire range of internal extreme and external man-made impacts is taken into account. New NPPs can withstand an earthquake of up to 8 points, a plane crash of up to 400 tons, and a squall wind of up to 56 m / s.
The combination of active and passive systems in the structure of the VVER-TOI safety systems makes it possible to ensure the safety of the active zone within 72 hours after the start of the disaster.
Thus, modern Russian NPPs are distinguished by an unprecedentedly low risk of the spread of radioactive substances into the environment and human exposure. This was achieved through the latest security and localization technology security systems.
The construction of the first Turkish NPP "Akkuyu" is a striking example of the VVER-TOI project abroad. The project of this NPP includes four power units with Russian VVER 1200 of "3+" generation reactor units meeting the highest so-called "post-Fukushima" safety standards. The project cost is about 20 billion dollars. The launch of the first unit of the nuclear power plant is planned in 2023.