The fundamental problem with that graph, one still not responded to, is that is making an argument, or at least, the Economist piece that graph was ripped from is making an argument."Xi Jinping is the reason that asylum seekers in China have increased since 2015."
This argument is flawed, logically. The Economist piece and the posters in this thread have provided no evidence for that argument whatsoever.
1. Trends have risen similarly globally, regardless of origin nation - overlaying asylum applications shows similar trends in all countries, including the USA, UK, and Canada. While numbers are significantly less (and they always will be when discussing populations as varied as China vs Canada) they follow the same trend.
2. It does not account for the motivations of asylum seekers. One person here said "One child policy", which hasn't been policy in China since 2015/16 when the rise began.
3. It does not account for "those who wishes to seek asylum before, but couldn't". That number may very well have gone done. If 1,000,000 people wanted to seek asylum in 2015, and only 60,000 succeeded, then the fact that 100,000 succeeded in 2020, when only 400,000 people sought asylum status, would show the same increase, but mean something very different.
I showed a similar graph that shows more Chinese are leaving, and then returning, in record numbers as well. Is that Xi Jinping's doing as well?