- 23 Jun 2023 13:06
June 23, Friday
Lieutenant Commander Waddell takes the Susan & Abigail, a trading vessel only two months out of San Francisco, and finds aboard her a newspaper dated April 17th, containing the latest dispatches from the eastern theater. Lee has surrendered: Richmond has fallen: the Government has fled. Shaken though he is by this spate of disasters, he also reads that Johnston has won a victory over Sherman in North Carolina, back in March, and that the President, resettled with his cabinet in Danville, had issues a proclamation announcing “a new phase of the struggle,” which he urges all Confederates to wage with “fresh defiance” and “unconquered and unconquerable hearts.” Waddell takes his cue from that.
President Johnson declares the Federal blockade of the Southern states, in existence since April 1861, at an end.
At Doaksville, near Fort Towson in the Indian Territory, Brigadier General Stand Watie, a Cherokee chief who has held out with a third of his people since the other two thirds renewed their allegiance to the Union, surrenders to Lieutenant Colonel Asa Mathews and disbands his battalion of Cherokees, Creeks, Seminoles, and Osages, all proscribed as tribal outlaws for refusing to repudiate the treaty made with Richmond in the early days of the war. Close to sixty, a veteran of Wilson’s Creek, Elkhorn Tavern, Prairie Grove, and a hundred lesser fights—not to mention the long march out on the “trail of tears” from Georgia, nearly thirty years ago—Watie, his gray-shot hair spread fanwise on his shoulders, is the last Confederate general to surrender any sizable body of Confederate troops.
Rear Admiral Samuel F. Du Pont dies suddenly at Philadelphia.
Society cannot exist, unless a controlling power upon will and appetite be placed somewhere; and the less of it there is within, the more there must be without.